Basketball drills for defense

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front-the-mid-post-1front-the-mid-post-1front-the-mid-post-1

Goal: Defending the mid post in front if it threatens to get into the bucket

Organization:

  • Forwards 1 and 2 may adjust a center. If they cannot do so within 2 seconds, they must pass to each other. They remain in place
  • as soon as a center has the ball in or near the bucket, they play 2 against 2 and try to score (but passing is allowed)
  • ball side defender plays denial defense
  • weak side defender stands with 1 foot on the helpline
  • as soon as the mid post on the ball side looks for a position on the edge of or in the bucket, defender 5 stands between attacker 3 and the ball
  • at the moment of the lob pass, defender 6 should stand in the back of attacker 3 and try to force the attacking foul
  • when attacker 3 passes to the high post, every defender looks for his own man
  • every pass from forward to forward or a pass from a center back to the forward scores 1 point for the defenders
  • a defensive rebound also scores 1 point
  • for every score from the bucket you lose 2 points
  • foul on a goalie = score
  • On a swing, the hig post looks for a position on the block.
  • Defender 6 stays between man and basket until the block.
  • steps around attacker 4 along the top of the block (top foot first, then step around the block with the bottom foot).


Teaching Points:

  • prevent the pass at the mid-post with 1 hand up
  • with the other hand, feel which way the mid-post is moving.
  • get as close to the attacker as possible (but make sure you can jump to intercept the pass)
  • When switching from denial defense to frontal defense, first move the foot closest to the basket.
  • then pull the other foot in


Variations:

put a defender at the forward to make the pass towards the mid post more difficult

Goal: frontal defense of the low post

Organization:

  • Players 1 and 2 may adjust a center. If they cannot do so within 2 seconds, they must pass to each other. They remain at their place.
  • The attacking centre asks the side of the bucket for the ball.
  • defender must cross between the attacker and the free throw line
  • and defend the attacker in front.
  • every pass from forward to forward scores 1 point for the defender
  • a defensive rebound also scores 1 point
  • for every score from the bucket 1 point is deducted
  • foul on a goalie = score
  • play until the 3


Teaching Points:

  • prevent the pass on the mid post with 1 hand up.
  • Push the attacker backwards with the other forearm (but make sure you can jump to intercept the pass).
  • face to the half way line
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fogler-plus-transitionfogler-plus-transitionfogler-plus-transition

Goal: learn/improve defensive position (1 pass or 2 passes away)

Organization:

  • 4 attackers and 4 defenders
  • attackers may only pass
  • immediately after the pass, the passer must change position
  • 2 passes to 4
  • 2 cuts to basket
  • 6 defends the pass to 2 with a jump to the ball
  • defender 8 does not allow the pass from 4 to 2
  • Attackers 1 and 3 move up one position
  • Defender 3 goes from help to denial
  • ball is above the lifeline, so defender 8 moves from the lifeline to the side of the bucket

drop-step-and-slides

Goal: learn or improve drop step and side slides + condition

Organization:

  • place 5 cones as shown
  • vary distance and angle
  • players move with slides from one pawn to the other
  • at every cone they make a drop step and change hands from high to low and vice versa
  • Always face the back line where the player started.
  • between pawns 3 and 4, a short quick sprint (now with the face to the other back line)
  • at pawn 4, turn 180 degrees, assume defensive position, drop step + slides to pawn 5
  • in a quiet run back to the starting point


Teaching Points:

  • Feet at least shoulder width.
  • Knees at about 100 degrees (= sitting down deeply)
  • shoulders above the heels (= back straight)
  • Head straight up (overlook the field)
  • Hand closest to the ball is low (to be able to tap the ball away on the dribble)
  • Other hand is above the shoulder (to intercept a pass)
  • push hard on the push-off leg to gain speed
  • Feet stay low to the ground (= slide, shuffle)
  • feet do not connect after a slide, but remain at shoulder width
  • at the drop step, the foot closest to the ball moves backwards quite a bit; then the defender changes direction and the hands change from high to low and vice versa
  • intermediate sprint must be quick (= simulate recovery of defensive position after the dribbler has passed the defender)
  • take up position between pawn 4 and the basket and immediately with slides to pawn 5


Variations:

  • let the defender keep his hands behind his back if you want to accentuate his feet and stance
  • make bigger differences in the distance between the pawns and the angle they are placed to each other.

sending-the-dribbler-to-the-lane

Requirements:

  • players must be able to individually defend the man with the ball
  • players must be able to dribble


Goal: defender must keep the dribbler in the marked area, so that it crosses the center line in the lane

Organization:

  • waiting player takes the ball
  • and counts down 8 seconds
  • The dribbler has to touch the helpline at least once with his foot before he can cross the
  • the half way line.
  • the dribbler wins if he crosses the half way line outside the marked area (choose a line on the field)
  • defender wins if he allows the dribbler to cross the centre line inside the marked area OR at 8 seconds
  • loser has to defend in the next round


Teaching Points:

  • defender must keep an appropriate distance, taking into account the dexterity and speed of the dribbler
  • Defender must anticipate the changes of direction of the dribbler.

dribbler-lane-keep-learningdribbler-lane-keep-learning

Requirements:

  • players must be able to individually defend the man with the ball
  • players must be able to dribble


Goal: defender must force the dribbler to the side of the field. Dribbler must never penetrate over the defender's front foot and through the middle

Organization:

  • choose a line on the field and demarcate the lane with it
  • the dribbler must reach the baseline within 5 seconds
  • the waiting player counts down aloud
  • every time the attacker dribbles over the chosen line, he has a point (waiting player will judge doubtful cases)
  • the attacker then dribbles back to the touchline at the same height and lets the defender take his position. The players continue the game, the time runs on
  • defender pushes up 5 times for each point
  • Attacker becomes defender, waiting player starts dribbling


Teaching Points:

  • front hand points to the ball
  • at the start of the dribble, the front foot of the defender should be next to the attacker to prevent him from coming directly over the front foot.
  • Encourage the attacker to try this every time
  • defender should keep an appropriate distance, taking into account the dexterity and speed of the dribbler
  • defender should take a slide-step towards the half way line and towards the by-line to prevent the attacker from penetrating over the front foot.


Variations

  • start with restrictions for the dribbler: compulsory dribbling with the weak hand; other hand on the back etc.
  • as the defenders improve, remove these restrictions step by step


Game shape:

  • helper starts on the block
  • and may only defend in the marked block
  • attacker has 8 seconds to score (the helper counts down)
  • if attacker 1 manages to pass defender 3 over his front foot, he can score through the bucket, without the helper being able to do anything
  • if defenders 2 and 3 are only allowed to help in the marked area
  • at a score the attacker keeps the ball
  • at a stop, the players move up one position
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dribbler-lane-double-teamdribbler-lane-double-team

Requirements:

  • players must be able to individually defend the man with the ball
  • Players must be able to dribble


Goal: defender forces the dribbler to the side of the field and reduces the distance so that the dribbler grabs the ball.

Organization:

  • choose a line on the field and demarcate the lane with it
  • the defender has to keep the attacker inside the lane
  • the dribbler has to be at the back line within 5 seconds
  • the waiting player counts down aloud
  • immediately after the start of the dribble, the second defender locks the dribbler in the back of the court
  • as soon as the dribbler takes the ball, the defenders together cut off the passing lines towards the half way line
  • and only passes they allow are parallel to the touchline


Teaching Points:

  • first defender must aggressively close the gap
  • AND close off the touchline
  • second man starts as soon as the dribbler crosses the half way line
  • trace the ball
  • defenders always one hand low and one hand high (umbrella)
  • attacker is never allowed to step or pass between the defenders
  • avoid mistakes; conquer the ball by 1) 5 seconds, 2) bad pass, 3) attacker's foot on the line


Variations

  • start with restrictions for the dribbler: mandatory dribbling with the weak hand; other hand on the back etc.
  • as the defenders improve, remove these restrictions step by step
  • 2 extra attackers and 2 extra defenders. After the dribbler has picked up the ball, the 2 extra attackers try to open up a passing line The defenders must intercept the pass

dribbler-in-lane-and-out-boxing

Requirements:

  • players must be able to individually defend the man with the ball
  • players must be able to dribble
  • players must be able to outbox


Goal1: Defender must force the dribbler to the side of the field. Dribbler may never penetrate over the defender's front foot and through the middle.

Goal2: boxing out after the shot

Organization:

  • 1 against 1 across the longitudinal half
  • Loser must defend in the next round, takes the ball and stays on his own length half.
  • attacker goes to the other longitudinal half
  • defender must push 3 times in the centre circle if the attacker can make a lay up.


Teaching Points:

  • defender must keep an adequate distance: do not allow penetration
  • immediately after the shot, the defender seeks contact with the attacker
  • back parallel to the baseline
  • boom out with a front pivot or a reverse pivot
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keeping-the-dribbler-in-the-lane

Requirements:

  • players must be able to individually defend the man with the ball
  • players must be able to dribble


Goal: defender must force the dribbler to the side of the field. Dribbler must never penetrate over the defender's front foot and through the middle

Organization:

  • 1 against 1 across the longitudinal half
  • Loser must defend in the next round
  • defender must press down 3 times if the attacker comes between the defender and the helpline anyway


Teaching Points:

  • defender must keep an appropriate distance, taking into account the dexterity and speed of the dribbler
  • defender must keep a constant distance from the three-point line (i.e. when the attacker comes within shooting distance of the basket)
  • as the skill of the defenders increases, reduce the distance to the attackers
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