Basketball drills for defense

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double-team-after-a-stop-dribble

Goal: securing the dribbler against the sideline after stopping the dribble

Organisation:

  • defender passes to attacker on signal of the coach
  • Attacker is NOT allowed to dribble, only to pivot.
  • the trainer counts down 5 seconds


Teaching Points:

  • Get as close to the attacker as possible (but stay in your own cylinder).
  • Move your feet closer to the attacker, but keep your position between the attacker and the helpline.
  • If the attacker allows you to have his back, move your feet forward.
  • trace the ball
  • defenders always one hand low and one hand high (Umbrella)
  • the attacker is never allowed to step or pass between the defenders (only passes parallel to the sideline are allowed)
  • avoid mistakes; conquer ball by 1) 5 seconds, 2) bad pass, 3) attacker's foot on the line


Form of play:

Two additional attackers running free outside the lane. A successful pass between the defenders is a point for the attackers. 5 seconds or foot of the attacker on the line is a point for the defenders. Play to the 2.

3-against-33-against-3

Goal: to defend one pass away

Organization:

  • attackers use quarter of the field
  • try to get free with in-out or cut
  • first restore balance by occupying the 3 positions before cutting again
  • defender overplays when his man is playable with one pass
  • attacker can dribble
  • a waiting player counts down 20 seconds


Teaching Points:

  • hand in the passing line
  • front foot in the passing line
  • catch your man with your forearm
  • 3/4 of your attention on the man, 1/4 on the ball
  • NO help
  • change after x stops


Form of play:

  • each team gets 5x ball possession
  • who makes the most stops
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close-out-to-the-help-1close-out-to-the-help-1close-out-to-the-help-1

Requirements:

players must be able to play individually 1 against 1

Goal: train position of the defender to help prevent penetration (instead of passing over) + recovery

Preparation:

  • the defender must first choose his position in such a way that he can help stop the penetration
  • after matching the attacker, he takes up his position between the ball and the ring
  • at the distance suited to the qualities of the attacker
  • or at the distance requested by the coach
  • the players play 1 against 1
  • Attacker becomes defender.
  • New attacker turns in


Organisation:

  • the three defenders start in the bucket, with the ball
  • defender 5 rolls the ball to 1 and defenders take up their positions
  • attackers hold their position and pass the ball back and forth (also pass fakes!!)
  • they may score with a drive or a dribble with jump shot
  • a three-point is a point for the attack
  • a two-point shot is a point for the offense, but
  • if there is still a defender between the shooter and the basket at the moment of shooting, it is a point for the defense
  • interception or defensive rebound is a point for the defense
  • play until the 5, then change


Teaching Points:

  • defenders have to take the right position immediately after the pass with an explosive step
  • Anticipate the pass and take a slide step so that you can get to your defensive position earlier (in case of a pass fake, you have to take a slide step back quickly)
  • one pass away = one metre from your man and one metre from the passing line, so that you can help with the penetration of the ball
  • when the ball is 2 passes away, you have to stand with 2 feet in the bucket
  • immediately after the shot, both defenders must look at their man instead of the ball and box out


Variations:

  • offensive rebound is a point for the attack (if you want to emphasize boxing out)
  • shallow cut from 1 after the pass + 2 rotates to the head
  • shallow cut from 1 after the pass + 2 sets a screen for 1 under the elbow and then steps out to the guard position

close-out-defense-2-2-1close-out-defense-2-2-1

Requirements:

players must be able to play individually 1 against 1

Goal1: Improve the position change of the defender between helpside and ballside defense

Goal2: boxing out after the shot

Organisation:

  • one of the defenders passes the ball from under the basket to an attacker
  • A defender on the ball side closes the way to the basket (close out).
  • the other defender takes the help side position: one foot in the bucket if the ball is above the free throw line; on the basket-basket line if the ball is below the free throw line
  • When the ball is passed to the weak side, both defenders must quickly adjust their position relative to their man.


Substitutions:

  • make it, take it
  • or two is too much (push up defenders after 2 consecutive scores)
  • (if you have more than 4 players, let the other players practice shooting at the other basket)


Teaching Points:

  • Close out weak side shooter
  • two explosive sprint steps, then lower your hips a bit + reduce step size
  • inside foot in front
  • outside hand in the shooter's face
  • After the shot:
  • immediately after the shot, both defenders must look at their man instead of the ball and box out
  • put the forearm on the chest of the attacker
  • box out with a front pivot or a reverse pivot and chase the ball


Variations:

  • defenders may score from a rebound or interception
  • the scoring team continues to attack
  • play until the 7

12-minute-drill-1

Prerequisites:

players must be quite proficient and in good shape

Objective:

concentration and energy in defense

Organization:

  • 4 against 4 on one basket
  • new defenders when the defence has made 3 stops (i.e. the defenders gain possession of the ball).
  • after a score or a foul on the shot, the defending team returns one stop
  • The exercise lasts 12 minutes
  • and if you do not defend well, you are defending for 12 minutes.
  • if the attacks take too long, the trainer will count down loudly: 5-4-3-2-1-0


Teaching Points:

  • After 2 stops the whole defense steps up their game. When they make the third stop, they can start attacking.
  • As a side effect, the attackers learn in a playful way who will hit the balls when it gets exciting, and who will not.


When you have 12 men:

  • rotate with 4 men
  • After every stop, score or foul on the shot, a new team of attackers enters the field (trainer determines if it is a foul).
  • the team that causes the third and last stop goes to defend


Variations:

  • three defenders, four attackers
  • make 2 or 3 consecutive stops before being allowed to change.
  • (with shot clock) 35 seconds of defense without scoring and without a foul. At a stop, the clock stays on and the attackers can try again. If the attackers score, or grab an offensive rebound, or if the defense makes a foul, the clock goes back to 35 seconds.

4-against-4-plus-break4-against-4-plus-break

Prerequisites:

players must know how to apply help side and ball side defense

Goal: to learn each defense system

Organization:

  • a team can get a point with a defensive stop, with a score from a fast break or with a three-pointer from the secundary break
  • (stopping the break by capturing the ball counts as a defensive stop)
  • winner is the team that earns the last point OR, if no one earns a point, the team that scores
  • the winner may always go and defend
  • new attackers enter the field


Teaching Points:

all aspects of team defense

Tips:

  • defending the break is also part of this exercise. That is why the three-pointer from the secondary break is also a point. This forces all players to defend after losing the ball in the attack.
  • If the break is not executed quickly, blow it off. This will improve the speed at which the players react.


Note: The illustration shows the situation after a score from a break. The defenders first made a stop and then scored from the (secundary) break. So, two points. They therefore continue to defend and new attackers have entered the field

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3-against-3-plus-13-against-3-plus-1

Prerequisites:

players must know what a double team is

Goal:

  • to train double teaming
  • dynamic organizing and reorganizing of the defense
  • practice transition


Organization:

  • 3 players attack along the length of the whole field
  • 3 attackers start at the half way line
  • 3 defenders per half
  • of both defending teams one player takes up position near the half way line
  • defender 6 waits near the halfway line
  • can only start defending when the ball is in the attacking half
  • must sprint with both feet through the centre circle before joining the defence
  • from that moment on, two defenders must always try to double team the man with the ball


Rotation after scoring:

  • the defender closest to the half way line immediately takes up his position next to the pitch
  • attackers must take the ball from the back line
  • the three remaining defenders try to prevent this (5 seconds)
  • if that does not work, they have to try to trap the dribbler with a double team
  • if the defenders capture the ball, they immediately attack the same basket again (like in a Full Court Press in a game)
  • the fourth defender joins the defense (i.e. the other three) immediately after the turnover


Rotation after the turnover:

  • the player with the ball in his hands hands hands it off to another player and takes up his position near the center line.
  • the three remaining players attack the other basket
  • the team that has lost the ball defends.


Teaching Points:

defenders always try to conquer the ball with a double team.

Variation:

can also be played 3 against 3 + 1 half court: after a score the attackers have to take the ball and get it over the half court 1

Prerequisites:

players must know what help side defense and what ball side defense is

Goal: train early help and quick recovery

Organisation:

  • the three defenders stand facing the back line and take up their defensive positions as soon as the coach passes
  • coach passes the ball to a random attacker
  • the attackers have 10 seconds to score and the coach counts down aloud
  • play until the 3 stops or a difference of 2 (stops scores), then change
  • screens on the ball are not allowed


Teaching Points:

  • defenders must move when the ball is in the air
  • occupy the agreed-upon helper position
  • stop the penetration when the man with the ball passes his defender
  • anticipate the swing pass: take the first step towards your own man even before or as soon as the passer picks up the ball
  • Communication as agreed within the team


Variations:

attackers are only allowed to score from the bucket.

Variation with more competition element:

  • attacker with ball starts at 2 meter of the three-point-line; place to be determined by the team.
  • must start with a dribble
  • the defenders may turn around at the first dribble
  • the attackers must make a goal attempt within 20 seconds - the waiting players count down
  • you can only earn points in defense
  • two stops in a row are one point
  • if you score twice in a row, you may go on defense
  • Losers turn out
  • new attackers turn in
  • play until the 3
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2-against-2-quarter-court2-against-2-quarter-court

Requirements:

  • players must individually be able to defend the man with the ball
  • players must know how to defend the man without the ball


Goal: To apply individual defensive technique in a simplified game situation

Organization:

  • attackers use a quarter of the playing field
  • are not allowed to cross the lifeline
  • play 2 against 2
  • winners will attack on the other half of the field
  • losers keep on defending on this quarter (when there are more than 8 players, turn in at the halfway line)


Teaching Points:

  • emphasise what you have taught the players individually
  • there is no help (this makes it clear who is not defending well).


Variations:

  • let the defender keep their hands behind their back if you want to emphasise footwork In the picture:
  • Defenders 1 and 2 have conquered the ball without allowing attackers 1 and 2 to score
  • defenders 1 and 2 attack on the other half of the pitch
  • 5 and 6 will enter as defenders and play against the winners of 3 and 4
  • former attackers 1 and 2 wait for their turn to defend
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